Water Quality Assessment in Al Jabal Al Akhdar Region of Oman for Sustainable Water Resources Management

M. Ahmed, R. Victor, M. Al-Haddabi, and J. Al-Handhali (Oman)


Jabal Akhdar, Oman, water quality, eutrophication, reservoir, and biodiversity


Rapid development in the Al Jabal Al Akhdar region of northern Oman is exerting pressure on water resources. Water quality and water use efficiency are the two most important management issues. Engineering measures to enhance water use efficiency have not produced the desired outcome due to poor water quality caused by eutrophication of reservoirs resulting from the input of nutrients in water primarily by animal feces. Consequently water in the reservoirs is under-utilized and groundwater faces the prospect of overexploitation. Management strategies are needed to tackle water quantity and quality issues in a sustainable manner. Water quality assessments and monitoring programs are valuable tools in formulating policies on proper water resources management. A research project is underway now at Sultan Qaboos University, Oman to investigate issues relating to biodiversity conservation and sustainable development of the area. The research project which started in 2004 will conclude in 2007. Water quality assessments are being done through a comprehensive survey and in-depth look at two aquatic systems affected by environmental impacts relating to health, eutrophication and pollution. Based on the study, monitoring strategies will be developed. Some sustainable management strategies will be recommended for implementation. It is expected that the research results will provide the foundation for the conservation of water resources and strategies for water use efficiency in the Jabal Akhdar region.

Important Links:

Go Back