A Rake Receiver with Channel Estimation for Ultra Wideband Systems

Q. Wan and A. Dinh (Canada)


UWB, adaptive Rake receiver, IEEE UWB channel models, channel estimation


Ultra wideband technology has been proposed recently for use in wireless personal area networks. One of the common methods to collect energy in this low transmitting power system is the use of Rake receiver. In this paper, an adaptive structure and algorithm for a RAKE receiver are proposed for the UWB single-user link with an intended data rate of 120 Mbps. A single band impulse radio system with 1GHz bandwidth and antipodal PAM modulation technique is considered. The proposed receiver is to be used in an indoor UWB system. The indoor environment is represented by dense multi path channel models proposed by IEEE P802.15. The multi-path spread caused by the channel is much longer than the symbol time based on the data rate and the binary modulation. To reduce this intense multi-path destruction and the extreme inter-symbol interference, an adaptive structure is used. A simple and effective sliding-window channel estimation method is used to obtain channel parameters. A combination of selective RAKE and LMS adaptive FIR equalizer and a LMS RAKE are then used to recover the transmitted signal. Simulation results show the new schemes gather multi-path energy and reject ISI more effectively than the traditional MRC selective RAKE receiver with almost the same level of computation complexity.

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