Hao Wu and Grantham Pang


  1. [1] E. Weston, P. Le, and W.S. Marras, A biomechani-cal and physiological study of office seat and tabletdevice interaction, Applied Ergonomics, 62, 2017, 83–93,doi: 10.1016/j.apergo.2017.02.013.
  2. [2] R. Zemp, W.R. Taylor, and S. Lorenzetti, Seat pan and backrestpressure distribution while sitting in office chairs, AppliedErgonomics, 53, 2016, 1–9, doi: 10.1016/j.apergo.2015.08.004.
  3. [3] C. Rosaria, N. Alessandro, and C. Chiara, Comfort seatdesign: Thermal sensitivity of human back and buttock,International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 78, 2020,102961, doi: 10.1016/j.ergon.2020.102961.
  4. [4] A. Vanacore, A. Lanzotti, C. Percuoco, A. Capasso, andB. Vitolo, Design and analysis of comparative experiments toassess the (dis-)comfort of aircraft seating, Applied Ergonomics,76, 2019, 155–163, doi: 10.1016/j.apergo.2018.12.012.
  5. [5] C. Zhao, S. Yu, C. Harris Adamson, S. Ali, W. Li, and Q. Li,Effects of aircraft seat pitch on interface pressure and passengerdiscomfort, International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics,76, 2020, 102900, doi: 10.1016/j.ergon.2019.102900.
  6. [6] N. Mansfield, G. Sammonds, and L. Nguyen, Driver discomfortin vehicle seats – Effect of changing road conditions and seatfoam composition, Applied Ergonomics, 50, 2015, 153–159.
  7. [7] M. Romelfanger and M. Kolich, Comfortable automotiveseat design and big data analytics: A study in thighsupport, Applied Ergonomics, 75, 2019, 257–262, doi:10.1016/j.apergo.2018.08.020.
  8. [8] D.Y. Kim, J.H. Bang, C.A. Lee, H.Y. Kim, K.Y. Choi, andB.G. Lim, Numerical evaluation of time-dependent saggingfor low density polyurethane foams to apply the long-termdriving comfort on the seat cushion design, InternationalJournal of Industrial Ergonomics, 64, 2018, 178–187, doi:10.1016/j.ergon.2016.08.010.
  9. [9] L. Fasulo, A. Naddeo, and N. Cappetti, A study ofclassroom seat (dis)comfort: Relationships between bodymovements, center of pressure on the seat, and lower limbs’sensations, Applied Ergonomics, 74, 2019, 233–240, doi:10.1016/j.apergo.2018.08.021.
  10. [10] E. Kahya, Mismatch between classroom furniture andanthropometric measures of university students, InternationalJournal of Industrial Ergonomics, 74, 2019, 102864.
  11. [11] Y.-D. Jun, E. Cho, and S.-H. Park, Comfort evaluation ofa coccyx seating mat based on body pressure measurements,Information (Japan), 20, 2017, 3657–3666.
  12. [12] M. Makhsous, F. Lin, D. Hanawalt, S.L. Kruger, andA. LaMantia, The effect of chair designs on sitting pressuredistribution and tissue perfusion, Hum Factors, 54(6), 2012,1066–1074, doi: 10.1177/0018720812457681.
  13. [13] R. Mitsuya, K. Kato, N. Kou, T. Nakamura, K. Sugawara,D. Hiroki, S. Takuro, and K. Takashi, Analysis ofbody pressure distribution on car seats by usingdeep learning, Applied Ergonomics, 75, 2019, 283–287,doi: 10.1016/j.apergo.2018.08.023.
  14. [14] C. C. Roossien, J. Stegenga, A.P. Hodselmans, S.M. Spook,W. Koolhaas, S. Brouwer, G.J. Verkerke, and M.F. Reneman,Can a smart chair improve the sitting behavior of officeworkers? Applied Ergonomics, 65, 2017, 355–361, doi:10.1016/j.apergo.2017.07.012.
  15. [15] P. Vink and D. Lips, Sensitivity of the humanback and buttocks: The missing link in comfortseat design, Applied Ergonomics, 58, 2017, 287–292,doi: 10.1016/j.apergo.2016.07.004.
  16. [16] J.P. Drost, M.D. Shafer, and T.R. Bush, Comfortable leg splayof mid-sized males in automotive seats, Applied Ergonomics,85, 2020, 103062, doi: 10.1016/j.apergo.2020.103062.
  17. [17] G.H. Campos and F. (Jeff) Xi, Pressure sensing of an aircraftpassenger seat with lumbar control, Applied Ergonomics, 84,2020, 103006, doi: 10.1016/j.apergo.2019.103006.
  18. [18] M. Wegner, R. Martic, M. Franz, and P. Vink, A systemto measure seat-human interaction parameters which mightbe comfort relevant, Applied Ergonomics, 84, 2020, 103008,doi: 10.1016/j.apergo.2019.103008.
  19. [19] K. Ebe and M.J. Griffin, Factors affecting static seatcushion comfort, Ergonomics, 44(10), 2001, 901–921,doi: 10.1080/00140130110064685.
  20. [20] U. Kilincsoy, A. Wagner, P. Vink, and H. Bubb, Application ofideal pressure distribution in development process of automobileseats, Work, 54(4), 2016, 895–904, doi: 10.3233/WOR-162350.
  21. [21] R.E. Bronkhorst and F. Krause, Designing comfortablepassenger seats. (Boca Raton: CRC Press, 2005).
  22. [22] R. Mastenbroek and A. Kiese, EUROSPEC Seat Comfort- spread academic news in the railway world, Proc. 2ndInternational Comfort Congress, Delft, 2019.
  23. [23] N. Akkarakittichoke and P. Janwantanakul, Seat pressuredistribution characteristics during 1 hour sitting in officeworkers with and without chronic low back pain, Safety andHealth at Work, 8(2), 2017, 212–219, doi: 10.1016/
  24. [24] J. Triglav, E. Howe, J. Cheema, B. Dube, M.J. Fenske,S. Nicholas, and B. Leah, Physiological and cognitive measuresduring prolonged sitting: Comparisons between a standard andmulti-axial office chair, Applied Ergonomics, 78, 176–183, 2019,doi: 10.1016/j.apergo.2019.03.002.
  25. [25] H.Z. Tan, L.A. Slivovsky, and A. Pentland, A sensingchair using pressure distribution sensors, IEEE/ASMETransactions on Mechatronics, 6(3), 2001, 261–268,doi: 10.1109/3516.951364.
  26. [26] I. Daian, A.M. van Ruiten, A. Visser, and S. Zubic, Sensitivechair: A force sensing chair with multimodal real-time feedbackvia agent, Proc. of the 14th European Conf. on Cognitiveergonomics - ECCE ‘07, London, United Kingdom, 2007, 163,doi: 10.1145/1362550.1362583.9
  27. [27] XSENSOR, X3 medical seat & back system,
  28. [28] Tekscan: Pressure mapping, force measurement & tactilesensors,
  29. [29] V.T. Minh, M. Tamre, A. Safonov, V. Musalimov, andP. Kovalenko, Design and implementation of a mechatronicelbow orthosis, Mechatronic Systems and Control, Calgary48(4), 2020, doi:10.2316/J.2020.201-0056.
  30. [30] Z. Tang, T. Tamura, M. Sekine, M. Huang, W. Chen, M.Yoshida, K. Sakatani, H. Kobayashi, and S. Kanaya, Achair–based unobtrusive cuffless blood pressure monitoringsystem based on pulse arrival time, IEEE Journal ofBiomedical and Health Informatics, 21(5), 2017, 1194–1205,doi: 10.1109/JBHI.2016.2614962.
  31. [31] E.P.U.A. Panel and N.P.U.A. Panel, Prevention and treatmentof pressure ulcers: Quick reference guide, 2009. [Online].Available: (accessed Jul. 13, 2020).
  32. [32] J.F. Neves and K. Stancato, Pressure ulcers: A perspective ofcost management in nursing services, Journal of Nursing Ufpe,2012. [Online]. Available:\-cost-management-nursing-services (accessed Jul. 13, 2020).
  33. [33] J. Bian and F. Modave, The rapid growth of intelligent systemsin health and health care, Health Informatics Journal, 26(1),2020, 5–7.
  34. [34] Trossen Robotics, FSR 406 Data Sheet. [Online].Available:
  35. [35] Arduino open-source electronic prototyping platform,
  36. [36] M. Versaci, G. Angiulli, P. Crucitti, D. De Carlo, F. Lagan´a,D. Pellican`o, and A. Palumbo, A fuzzy similarity-basedapproach to classify numerically simulated and experimentallydetected carbon fiber-reinforced polymer plate defects, Sensors22(11), 2022, 4232, doi: 10.3390/s22114232.
  37. [37] E. McCormick, H. Lang, and C.W. de Silva, Automated multi-domain engineering design through linear graphs and geneticprogramming, Mechatronic Systems and Control, Calgary50(3), 2022. doi: 10.2316/J.2022.201-0295.
  38. [38] J. Sweafford and F. Fahimi, Model-free online reinforce-ment learning of a robotic manipulator, MechatronicSystems and Control, Calgary 47(3), 2019, 136–143.doi: 10.2316/J.2019.201-2931.
  39. [39] L. Geng, Y.F. Zhang, J.J. Wang, J.Y.H. Fuh, and S.H. Teo,Cooperative task planning for multiple unmanned aerial vehi-cles using genetic algorithm, Control and Intelligent Systems,Calgary 42(2), 2014. doi: 10.2316/Journal.201.2014.2.201-2562.

Important Links:

Go Back