ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF RESERVE MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES FOR GRID-CONNECTED WIND FARMS

Venkatesh Y. Singarao and Vittal S. Rao

References

  1. [1] U.S. Department of Energy, 20% wind energy by 2030: Increasing wind energy’s contribution to United States Electricity, DOE/GO-102008-2567, 2008, http://www.nrel.gov/docs/fy08osti/41869.pdf.
  2. [2] News release, Wind generation output in ERCOT tops 10,000 MW and breaks record, 2014, http://www.ercot.com/news/press_releases/show/26611.
  3. [3] H. Singh and A. Papalexopoulos, Competitive procurement of ancillary services by an independent system operator, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, 14(2), 1999, 498–504.
  4. [4] J.C. Smith, et al., The wind at our backs, IEEE Power and Energy Magazine, 8(5), 2010, 63–71.
  5. [5] R. Doherty and M. O’Malley, A new approach to quantify reserve demand in systems with significant installed wind capacity, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, 20(2), 2005, 587–595.
  6. [6] M. Ortega-Vazquez and D. Kirschen, Estimating the spinning reserve requirements in systems with significant wind power generation penetration, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, 24(1), 2009, 114–124.
  7. [7] H. Holttinen, M. Milligan, E. Ela, N. Menemenlis, J. Dob-schinski, B. Rawn, R.J. Bessa, D. Flynn, E. Gomez-Lazaro, and N.K. Detlefsen, Methodologies to determine operating reserves due to increased wind power, IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, 3(4), 2012, 713–723.
  8. [8] C. Martinez, S. Xue, and M. Martinez, Review of the recent frequency performance of the Eastern, Western, and ERCOT Interconnections, IEEE PES General Meeting, Minneapolis, USA, 2010, 1–6.
  9. [9] V.Y. Singarao, V. Rao, and M.A. Harral, Review on engineering and regulatory aspects associated with frequency control capabilities of wind power plants, IEEE Energytech, 2013, 1–6.
  10. [10] S. Virmani, Security impacts of changes in governor response, IEEE Power Engineering Society 1999 Winter Meeting, Vol. 1, 1999, 597–599.
  11. [11] Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Power and Frequency Control as it relates to Wind-Powered Generation, by J. Undrill prepared for the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, LBNL-4143E, 2010, . . . http://certs.lbl.gov/pdf/lbnl-4143e.pdf.
  12. [12] Texas Reliability Entity, Inc. BAL-001-TRE-1: Primary frequency response reference document, April 2014, . . . http://www.texasre.org/CPDL/Reliability%20Standards_BAL-001-TRE-1.pdf.
  13. [13] E. Ela, V. Gevorgian, A. Tuohy, B. Kirby, M. Milligan, and M. O’Malley, Market designs for the primary frequency response ancillary service – Part I: Motivation and design, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, 29(1), 2014, 421–431.
  14. [14] K.V. Vidyanandan and N. Senroy, Primary frequency regulation by deloaded wind turbines using variable droop, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, 28(2), 2013, 837–846.
  15. [15] J. Dang, J. Seuss, L. Suneja, and R.G. Harley, SoC feedback control for wind and ESS hybrid power system frequency regulation, IEEE Journal of Emerging and Selected Topics in Power Electronics, 2(1), 2014, 79–86.
  16. [16] M. Swierczynski, et al., Selection and performance-degradation modeling of LiMO2/Li4Ti5O12 and LiFePO4/C battery cells as suitable energy storage systems for grid Integration with wind power plants: An example for the primary frequency regulation service, IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, 5(1), 2014, 90–101.
  17. [17] V. Gevorgian, Y. Zhang, and E. Ela, Investigating the impacts of wind generation participation in interconnection frequency response, IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, 6(3), 2015, 1004–1012.
  18. [18] J. Morren, S W. H. de Haan, W. L. Kling, and J. A. Ferreira, Wind turbines emulating inertia and supporting primary frequency control, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, 21(1), 2006, 433–434.
  19. [19] R.G. de Almeida and J.A. Pecas Lopes, Participation of doubly fed induction wind generators in system frequency regulation, IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, 22(3), 2007, 944–950.
  20. [20] A.B. Attya and T. Hartkopf, Wind turbine contribution in frequency drop mitigation – Modified operation and estimating released supportive energy, IET Journal on Generation, Transmission & Distribution, 8(5), 2014, 862–872.
  21. [21] C. Budischak, D. Sewell, H. Thomson, L. Mach, D.E. Veron, and W. Kempton, Cost-minimized combinations of wind power, solar power and electrochemical storage, powering the grid up to 99.9% of the time, Journal of Power Sources, 225(1), 2013, 60–74.
  22. [22] State Utility Forecasting Group, Utility Scale Energy Storage Systems-Benefits, Applications, and Technologies, by Rachel Carnegie, Douglas Gotham, David Nderitu and Paul Preckel, 2013,. . . https://www.purdue.edu/discoverypark/energy/assets/ pdfs/SUFG/publications/SUFG%20Energy%20Storage%20 Report.pdf.
  23. [23] R. Dufo-L´opez, J.L. Bernal-Agust´ın, and J.A. Dom´ınguezNavarro, Generation management using batteries in wind farms: Economical and technical analysis for Spain, Journal of Energy Policy, 37(1), 2009, 126–139.
  24. [24] S. Nimmagadda, M.A. Harral, and S.B. Bayne, Quantitative analysis of wind financial transmission rights using Pro Forma model, International Journal of Power and Energy Systems, 34(1), 2014. DOI: 10.2316/Journal.203.2014.1.203-0079, ISSN (Online): 1710-2243.

Important Links:

Go Back