S. Czapp∗


  1. [1] HD 60364-4-41:2007 Low-voltage electrical installations – Part 4-41: Protection for safety – Protection against electric shock.
  2. [2] S. Czapp & R. Roskosz, Analysis of measurement accuracy of power system loop impedance using resistive measurement load, The Scientific Papers of Faculty of Electrical and Control Engineering Gdansk University of Technology, 17, 2001, 11–18 (in Polish).
  3. [3] P. Danzer, Impedance measurement in low voltage systems. Proc. 5th International Symposium on Short Circuit, 1, Warsaw, 1992.
  4. [4] A. Golijanek-J drzejczyk & R. Roskosz, Arrangement for calibration the loop impedance meters, The Scientific Papers of Faculty of Electrical and Control Engineering Gdansk University of Technology, 21, 2005, 111–118 (in Polish).
  5. [5] O. Malyszko, A new method of power system short-circuit impedance measurement, Wiadomo´sci Elektrotechniczne, 74(3), 2006, 36–38 (in Polish).
  6. [6] J. Masny, Measurement of short-circuit loop impedance, Gospodarka Paliwami i Energia, 7, 1987 (in Polish).
  7. [7] Z. Nawrocki & A. Stafiniak, Determination of the metrological parameters of short-circuit impedance and resistance meters. Proc. 14th Conf. ELSAF2003, Wrocław, 2003, 159–164 (in Polish).
  8. [8] K.O.H. Pedersen, A.H. Nielsen, & N.K. Poulsen, Short-circuit impedance measurement, IEE Proc. Gener. Transm. Distrib., 150(2), 2003, 169–174.
  9. [9] J.P. Rhode, A.W Kelley, & M.E. Baran, Complete characterization of utilization – voltage power system impedance using wideband measurement, IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 33(6), 1997, 1472–1479.
  10. [10] R. Roskosz, The method of earth fault loop impedance measurement using short duration testing current. Proc. 23rd Universities Power Engineering Conference, Nothingham, Trent Politechnic, September 20–22, 1988.
  11. [11] R. Roskosz, Measurement of the short-circuit loop impedance in presence of distortion network voltage waveform, Przeglad Elektrotechniczny, 80(10), 2004, 995–998 (in Polish).
  12. [12] R. Roskosz & M. Zi´ołko, Measurement accuracy of short-circuit loop impedance in power systems, Proc. 17th IMEKO World Congress, Dubrovnik, 2003, 903–907.
  13. [13] R. Roskosz, L. Referowski, & S. Czapp, Main error sources in earth loop impedance measurements, Proc. 3rd International Scientific Conference ELEKTRO’99, Section: Fundamental Phenomena and Principles for Applications in Electrical Engineering, University of ˇZilina. Faculty of Electrical Engineering, ˇZilina, 1999.
  14. [14] IEC 61557-3:2007 Electrical safety in low voltage distribution systems up to 1000 V a.c. and 1500 V d.c. – Equipment for testing, measuring or monitoring of protective measures – Part 3: Loop impedance.
  15. [15] S. Czapp, R. Roskosz, & A. Skiba, Vectorial method for measurement of short-circuit loop impedance in network with operating load. Proc. 16th IMEKO World Congress, 4th Measurement of Electrical Quantities International Measurement Confederation, IMEKO 2000, Vienna, 2000.
  16. [16] S. Czapp, Earth fault loop impedance measurement in network with operating loads using the vectorial method. Proc. 11th International Scientific Conference. Present-Day Problems of Power Engineering APE’03. Gda´nsk University of Technology, Faculty of Electrical and Control Engineering, Gda´nsk – Jurata, 2003, 4, 237–242 (in Polish).
  17. [17] S. Czapp, Vectorial method for measurement short-circuit loop impedance in network with disturbances, Archiwum Energetyki, 32(1–2), 2003, 43–62 (in Polish).

Important Links:

Go Back