C. Hota, S. Jha, and G. Raghurama


Virtual private networks, bandwidth allocation, Quality of Service, agents, user satisfaction


An IP Virtual Private Network (VPN) uses a major share of phys- ical resources of a network to satisfy customer’s demand for secure connectivity and Quality of Service (QoS) over the Internet. Service Level Agreements (SLAs) are often used to provide bandwidth- guaranteed VPNs on networks that do not support reservation. To meet these SLAs, service providers overprovision the bandwidth allocation. This is effective, but not economic and does not enforce compliance by the customer, with potentially adverse consequences for charging and congestion control mechanisms. This article pro- poses an agent-based approach to dynamically adjust the allocated bandwidth as per the user’s requests so that the VPNs that are carrying real time or multimedia traffic can be allocated with re- quired amount of bandwidth. The Agent processes acting on behalf of VPN users may decrease their allocated capacity if the users underuse the allocated quota so that the Service provider can satisfy few additional demands. We propose distributed bandwidth resiz- ing algorithms for optimizing inter-VPN and intra-VPN bandwidth allocations. This leads to an increased number of VPN connections and better utilization of network resources. The simulation results of the proposed adaptive algorithms show efficient utilization of network bandwidth among the VPN users.

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