A FAULT-TOLERANT SENSORLESS APPROACH IN FIVE-LEVEL PACKED U CELLS (PUC5) MULTILEVEL INVERTER

Dhananjay Kumar,∗ Rajesh K. Nema,∗ Sushma Gupta,∗ and Niraj K. Dewangan∗

Keywords

Multilevel inverters (MLI), packed U cells (PUC), fault tolerance (FT), open circuit (OC), reliability

Abstract

In this paper, a modified structure of fault-tolerant (FT) operation has been designed for the five-level packed U cells (PUC5) multilevel inverter (MLI). The sensorless self-capacitor voltage balancing control is designed to regulate the voltage across the capacitor at the half magnitude of the DC source value in creating a symmetrical five-level output voltage waveform. Moreover, the sensorless self-capacitor voltage balancing control reduces the complexity and improves the reliability of the system. Also, the proposed FT-PUC5 structure is considered and analysed for the open circuit (OC) fault in the switches. Based on a comparative analysis of the five-level PUC5 MLI and the proposed fault tolerance, the PUC MLI structure is presented. It has less number of devices in comparison with the most recent FT topologies. Moreover, this proposed singlephase and three-phase FT-PUC5 structure is established under before-fault, during-fault and after-fault operation using software MATLAB/Simulink. The proposed single-phase and three-phase FT-PUC5 structure is validated through an experimental prototype using the dSPACE DS-1104 real-time controller.

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