Distributed Energy Resources and Independent Power Producers – A Review of Policies in Africa

Shadreck M. Situmbeko


Distributed Energy Resources, Independent Power Producers, renewables, energy mix, policy development


Distributed Energy Resources (DER) deployment and participation of Independent Power Producers (IPP’s) in the African energy market provide a key to accelerating renewables deployment, diversification of the energy mix and improved access to modern and clean energy. DER deployment has experienced steady growth over the years while more and more power is now being provided by IPP’s. Policies are required to enhance this positive change in the energy market and indeed this has been the case in countries where policy development has received adequate attention. The paper explores this subject area further and provides scenarios in two countries, South Africa and Botswana.

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