Quantifying Brain Rhythm with Data-Driven Subscale Entropy

Young-Seok Choi

Keywords

EEG, Datadriven subscale entropy, Empirical mode decomposition, Intrinsic mode function

Abstract

This work presents a new entropy measure of electroencephalogram (EEG), which reflects the underlying dynamics of EEG over multiple time scales. The motivation behind this study is that neurological signals such as EEG possess distinct dynamics over different spectral modes. To deal with the nonlinear and nonstationary nature of EEG, the recently developed empirical mode decomposition (EMD) is incorporated, allowing a decomposition of EEG into its inherent spectral components, referred to as intrinsic mode functions (IMFs). By calculating the Shannon entropy of IMFs in a time-dependent manner and summing them over adaptive multiple scales, it results in an adaptive subscale entropy measure of EEG. Simulation and experimental results show that the proposed entropy properly reveals the dynamical changes over multiple scales.

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