A Case Study on Hand-Held Devices to Improve Instructional Quality in Blended Learning Context

Ronghuai Huang and Lanqin Zheng


Blended learning, Hand-held devices, Instructional quality


Instructional quality has emerged as a major theme in higher education. This study explored factors influencing on instructional quality after using hand-held devices in blended context. Through a confirmatory factor analysis, a survey questionnaire was validated. Research data gathered from 42 undergraduates in the “Introduction to Educational Technology” course. Results indicated that the first principles of instruction and hand-held devices were used in the course can help to improve the instructional quality. However, use of hand-held devices has no significant influence on learning progress and student satisfaction. Both teaching and learning implications are discussed.

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