Spur Policy using Income Administration in Grid Computing

K.J. Poornaselvan, S. Shanmugasundaram, and C.D. Preya (Botswana)


Grid Computing, Resource Management, Resource Allocation, Distributed Computing, Resource Distribution, Resource Usage


In recent years, many studies have been conducted on Grid computing, in which users and resource providers organize various Virtual Organizations (VOs) to share resources and services. Sharing the resources to accomplish a task within a time-frame will have its benefits if it is done based on the Incentives which help to overcome the issues in Policy Based Resource Allocation. A VO organizes other sub-VOs for the purpose of achieving the VO goal, which forms the hierarchical VO environment. In this paper, we model and formalize the resource allocation problem in hierarchical VOs. Resource providers and VOs agree upon the VO resource sharing policy, such as resource sharing amount and resource usage cost for VOs. We provide the resource allocation scheme of a VO resource broker to increase the reliability on completing tasks with shared resources in order to meet a user’s job deadline. In addition, several cost adjustment methods in resource providers to utilize their resources efficiently in hierarchical VOs are dealt. The rapid growth of computer and network technologies has enabled global computing with plenty of resources which are heterogeneous and distributed geographically. The Grid has started from the realization of scientific computations over geographically distributed systems and has been an emerging technology in recent years. Many studies on Grid computing have been conducted, such as resource allocation, resource management, security, and Web Services. A Virtual Organization (VO) in the Grid is defined as a set of individuals and institutions forming an ad-hoc partnership to solve a common problem by sharing resources. Recent research has focused on VO-based services, including VO formation, operation, and resource allocation. Thus, large-scale Grid research projects provide VO services and organize various VOs to utilize distributed resources efficiently. In VO-enabled Grid environments, the VO-wide resource allocation problem becomes an emerging research topic, which enables a user to access several resources throughout VOs. Much research has been done on policy-based resource allocation in VOs. The resource broker allocates resources to a job according to VO policy, such as the amount of resource share. As the number of VOs increases in the Grid, efficient and reliable VO management for sharing resources is required. The VO organizes its own sub-VOs for the purpose of achieving the VO goal, which forms the hierarchical VO environment. This paper deals with resource allocation problem in hierarchical VOs. Another important issue in Grid computing is economy-based resource allocation, which minimizes the resource usage cost of a user. The resource usage cost in VO Incentive Based model is explained here. The main contributions of this paper are as follows: (i) to model hierarchical VO environments for global Grids and formalize the resource allocation problem; (ii) to provide a VO-wide resource allocation scheme to minimize cost in order to meet a user’s job and increase the mutual-reliability among the users of the GRID.

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