Renewable Energy Resources Barriers in Africa

U.T. Umoh (Botswana) and I.J. Ekpoh (Nigeria)

Keywords

Renewable Energy, Hydro Power, Rainfall Characteristics

Abstract

Renewable energy resource Hydro Power in Africa is abundant and environmentally attractive. The major Hydro-Dams in Africa which combine are responsible for 70% of the continent’s power supply cannot perform at more than 30% of their installed capacity, thus causing power failure that have become the rule rather than exceptions in many countries within the continent. Climate change through droughts and floods present great challenges to management of production and distribution of power supply. The paper identifies three possible climate change related barriers against hydro-dams development in Africa. These barriers could be removed by analysis and understanding of the implications of rainfall characteristics such as amount of rainfall, variations in the amount of rainfall and rainfall intensity.

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