Multi-Parameter Ocean Monitoring System using Underwater Wireless Sensor Networks

K.R. Anupama, A. Sasidharan, and S. Vadlamani (India)

Keywords

Sensor networks, Ocean Monitoring Systems, Underwater Acoustic Networks, Network Architecture, Crosslayer protocols.

Abstract

The deployment of sensor networks in an aquatic environment has been severely limited because of the unpredictable nature of the underwater environment. Building a low-cost, energy and resource efficient Underwater Wireless Sensor Network (UWSN) will open new vistas in the areas of ocean, river and lake monitoring and exploration. In this paper we present a novel architecture for a hypothetical UWSN that could be deployed in the Bay-of-Bengal. This UWSN is an N-tier model with sensor nodes deployed at varying depths along the ocean column. The network can be re-configured based on the deployment scenario and the application. This paper also discusses various issues involved in developing a cross-layer protocol for the architecture proposed.

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