Automatic Segmentation of Human Tibial Cartilage

J. Cheong, N. Faggian, D. Suter, and F. Cicuttini (Australia)


Segmentation, automatic, cartilage, and osteoarthritis


Osteoarthritis is a chronic and crippling disease affecting an increasing number of people each year. With no known cure, it is expected to reach epidemic proportions in the near future. Accurate segmentation of knee cartilage from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans facilitates the measurement of cartilage volume present in a patient’s knee, thus enabling medical clinicians to detect the onset of osteoarthritis and also crucially, to study its effects. This paper presents a fully automated method for segmenting and measuring human tibial cartilage volume from MRI scans. The method uses a global search technique developed by Felzenszwalb [1], involving triangulated polygons as deformable templates to initialise a patch-based active appearance model (PAAM) [2]. The cartilage volume obtained from our automatic method is benchmarked against the current “gold standard” (cartilage volume measured using manual segmentation) as well as other semi-automatic methods. The results obtained are comparable to human manual segmentation.

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