Experimental Investigation on Heat Release Rate of Seats of a Sports Stadium under a Performance-based Design Approach

C.H. Su (Taiwan)


3D computational fluid dynamics, fire, smoke, heat release rate


A series of full-scale experiment has been performed in order to identify the exact fire size for a 15,000-seats in order stadium. The experimental result indicated that a t-squared slow fire peaking at 3.2 MW would occur when 13 stadium seats were involved in fire simultaneously. It validated that the 5 MW t-squared fast fire, as adapted in the 3D CFD simulation process was conservative and with good engineering tolerances.

Important Links:

Go Back