Artificial Heart Valves, Oscillation and Shear Stresses

A.A. Sakhaeimanesh (Iran)


Heart valves, shear stresses, oscillation, LDA technique


Effect of oscillation on elevating turbulent shear stresses through the jellyfish and St.Vincent valves has been investigated. Laser Doppler Anemometry (LDA) was employed to determine the velocity and shear stress distributions at various locations downstream of the valves. Comparison between two valves revealed that at 0.5D downstream of the valves the magnitude of shear stresses in the Jellyfish valve were much higher than those of the St. Vincent valve at cardiac outputs of 4, 5.5 and 7 l/min. The cause of high shear stresses in close proximity to the Jellyfish valve could be attributed to the oscillation of the membrane which in turn generated a wake downstream of the valve (in the core of valve chamber) and produced a wide region of disturbance further downstream. This resulted in further pressure drag and consequently, higher pressure drops across the valve and higher shear stresses downstream of the valve.

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