Estimating Direct Return on Investment of Independent Verification and Validation

J.B. Dabney, G. Barber, and D. Ohi (USA)


Verification and validation, return on investment,defect leakage, cost modeling.


We define direct return on investment (ROI) as the ratio of reduction in development cost arising from early issue detection by independent verification and validation (IV&V) to the cost of IV&V. This paper describes a methodology to compute direct ROI from readily available project data. The method is used in a case study in which IV&V was applied to a mission-critical NASA software project. For this project, direct IV&V ROI was 10.1, demonstrating that IV&V was cost effective.

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