The Effects of Footwear on Impact Force during Running: A Model-based Study

A.A. Zadpoor and A.A. Nikooyan (The Netherlands)

Keywords

Biomechanics, Shoe parameters, Biomechanical model, Impact force, Running

Abstract

A lumped-parameter model of the human body during running was previously developed. The model was used to study the effects of footwear on the impact force during running. However, the parameters of the model were considered constant regardless of the shoe type. Experimental studies have shown that the stiffness and damping of the human body are adjusted in accordance with the stiffness and damping of the shoe-ground system. In this paper, we study how the parameters of the model are adjusted, when the shoe parameters change. The original model is improved by adding a controller which resembles the function of the CNS. The effects of footwear on the impact force are studied by using the improved model. Three different bound limits are used for the model parameters to study the effects of the upper and lower parameter limits on the results. It has been shown that the model can explain the contradictory observations about the effects of footwear on the impact force.

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