VECTOR CONTROL BASED REGENERATIVE BRAKING FOR INDUCTION MOTOR DRIVEN BATTERY ELECTRIC VEHICLES

V.V. Shimin Sudhakaran, Varsha A. Shah, and Makarand M. Lokhande

Keywords

Electric vehicles, induction motor, regenerative braking, energy management, vector control, battery

Abstract

Conventional vehicles have observed a worldwide gradual decline in interest due to the growing environmental and economic concerns, propelling countries towards alternate technologies for transportation. For many future transportation methods identified, the electrification of vehicles has become more important due to its significance and easy control. Regenerative braking is an exclusive feature of electric vehicles for capturing energy as braking helps improving the performance and efficiency of the vehicle. Vector control of the induction motor is an advanced method, which is employed to control induction motor more effectively and efficiently. This paper attempts to highlight a method to implement regenerative braking with a simple vector control using MATLAB. The energy is dissipated when deceleration of braking is successfully fed back to the energy source without any additional DC converter or control. The proposed method is easy to implement, and the complexity of control is reduced so that the drive range of vehicle to a greater extent is increased.

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