Kelebogile B Mfundisi and Michael K Commeh
Clean institutional cookstoves, Climate change mitigation, Energy efficiency, Sustainable biomass carbon, Clean institutional cookstoves, Climate change mitigation, Energy efficiency, Sustainable biomass carbon, forest conservation, Clean energy
Climate change mitigation through reduction in greenhouse gas emissions via sustainable utilization of biomass carbon requires innovation and technological interventions. Clean cookstoves represent the best substitute for open fire biomass stoves and reduction in greenhouse gas emissions from fuelwood globally. Prospects to transfer this technology to Botswana have not been explored. Therefore, our research objectives were to transfer the clean Institutional Cookstove (IC) technology to ORI as a case study, quantify the amount of fuelwood it consumes in comparison to traditional biomass energy system, and analyze its potential to be used as a substitute for open fire cooking method. The clean IC technology transfer was successfully done within two weeks before testing its energy efficiency and financial viability. It used about two-thirds less fuelwood as compared to the three stone traditional stove. Financial viability analysis of the clean IC as a model to be used in primary schools showed that it has a potential to reduce money spent on fuelwood. Our future work will focus on analyzing carbondioxide gas emissions from using clean IC in comparison to open fire method. The challenge remains on how to rollout the clean IC to schools, and adapting it to the three legged pot.