Christopher Archibald, Luke Schwalm, and John E. Ball
Robotics, security, attacks, sensors, spooﬁng, encryption
Robotic systems are rapidly becoming more proliﬁc and are being
used for an increasing range of tasks. The more integrated they are
with sensitive tasks and with their users’ lives and likelihoods, the
greater desirability they possess as targets to would-be attackers.
Security has not yet been a major focus within robotics. This article
surveys literature related to robotic systems security, speciﬁcally
identifying vulnerabilities, attacks, and solutions in order to help
roboticists understand why to focus on security throughout their
design, potential problems they could face, and steps they can take
to address these problems.