The Analysis of the Wake behind a Foamed and a Finned Cylinder

Morteza Khashehchi and Kamel Hooman


PIV, Foamed and Finned cylinders, POD


Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) has been carried out to investigate the wake region behind a foamed and a finned cylinder. The purpose of this analysis is to develop one- and two- point correlations and to investigate the flow characteristics for these two cases. The experiments are conducted for two Reynolds numbers (based on the mean air velocity and the cylinder diameter) 2000 and 8000. Two dimensional results of planar PIV reveal the important aspects of the local flow features of the circular finned and foamed cylinders. These include turbulent boundary layer development over the surface and a delayed separation of the flow resulting in a smaller wake size in each case. The application of Proper Orthogonal Decomposition (POD) to the PIV velocity fields of the two cylinder types is also discussed. The POD computed for the measured velocity fields for both cases shows that the first two spatial modes contain most of the kinetic energy of the flow irrespective to the cylinder type. These two modes are also responsible for the large-scale coherence of the fluctuations. For finned and foamed cylinder types, the first four eigenmodes of the velocity field were measured and their organizations were investigated. These eigenmodes disclose the overall mean flow structure, and the large- scale structure being essentially connected to the most robust flow motion.

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