Sustainable Hydrogen Fuel Production at Plants or On-Site?: An Economic and Environmental Analysis

Martin Zsifkovits, Sebastian Zangerl, and Kurt Heidenberger


Hydrogen, Renewable Energy, Plant production, On-Site production, Fuel Cell Vehicles


Shortage of oil is imminent in the near future and CO2-emissions have to be reduced dramatically in the next decades to contain global climate warming. A possible approach to solve these problems is a change in the mobility sector via the reduction of fossil fueled vehicles. One of the most promising alternative approaches is hydrogen technology. Nevertheless, major questions have to be answered before a hydrogen mobility market can be established. Here, a major issue is, whether fuel should be produced in major plants or on-site, directly at filling stations. In this paper, we try to answer this question based on a mathematical model that investigates economic and ecological consequences of both production modes.

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