Design Protection Circuit for Transformerless Photovoltaic Inverters in Harsh Climatic Conditions

Muh'd I. Alzoubi, Amanullah Maung Than Oo, and Salahuddin Azad


photovoltaic, transformerless inverter, leakage current, insulation resistance


Transformerless inverters technology in photovoltaic systems offers many advantages, but there are some safety issues due to the solar panel parasitic capacitance. The parasitic capacitance value depends on many factors such as PV panels and frame structure, surface of the cells, distance between the cells, module frame, weather conditions (e.g., humidity) and the amount of dust covering the PV panel. Harsh climate like the one in the Central Queensland region is characterized by high temperature, high relative humidity. Due to the region’s high dew point, high humidity and heavy rain during the wet season, the water condensed over the PV array surface will affect the stray capacitance significantly and consequently, the system leakage current. Human safety in PV system is a key issue, which must be addressed when this technology is applied. Protection against electrical shock is essential while deploying such systems to avoid injury or loss of life. Furthermore, PV insulation varies with meteorological conditions such as, temperatures, humidity. Therefore, the protective circuit should have the capability to adapt to any changes in metrological variables. This paper explorers the effect of meteorological changes on the insulation parameters and leakage capacitance and design a tools for protection.

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